The Evolution of Music: Inventions that Revolutionized the Way We Listen
How does the way we listen to music impact our lives?
With easier access than ever before, music has become an integral aspect of our daily lives; it gets us out of bed, keeps us company on daily commutes, and motivates us to intensify our workouts.
But how does the way we listen to music impact us? A quick look at the key inventions that revolutionized music-listening provides insight into this complex question.
1877: The Phonograph
The phonograph, or the “grandfather of the modern record player,” revolutionized conventional audio playback. Thomas Edison and machinist John Kruesi are credited for the invention, which recorded sound vibrations via a hand crank, tin cylinder, and needle. For the first time ever, music could be listened to without a musician at hand.
1885: The Gramophone
Though this invention’s name derives from Alexander Graham Bell, his altered version of the phonograph was still constrained by its need for individually recorded cylinders. It wasn’t until Emilie Berliner’s patented sound system which utilized flat, grooved disks (records!), that the mass reproduction of music was possible.
1920s: The Radio
Radio transmission systems slowly began to materialize in the late 1800s. However, the popularization of radio broadcasts only began in the 1920s, once larger corporations entered the industry. At first, the only music on radios originated from live concerts, but recordings soon began to replace these broadcasts, vastly increasing audience size with remote listeners.
1963: The Compact Cassette Tape
Cassette tapes revolutionized the distribution of albums alongside vinyl records. This smaller and smarter system for music playback gave users new freedom to choose what music they wanted to hear, while also reshaping music as a means for individual self-expression via mixtapes.
1979: The Walkman
Sony’s product brought convenience on a whole new level. Originally dubbed the “Sound-About”, this invention intermixed elements of music technology that allowed for portable use. The Walkman ignited the modern era of individualized music listening, forever changing the relationship between people and music.
2000s: Online Streaming Services
The internet transformed the music landscape once more. Napster created the first file-sharing system in 1999, giving users access to millions of tracks for free. This revolutionary online service was followed by the iTunes Music store in 2003, Pandora in 2005, SoundCloud in 2007, and Spotify in 2008. Today, Spotify and Apple Music dominate the online music streaming industry, providing access to over 100 million subscribers combined. These platforms give users individualized playlists, suggested artists and songs, and new releases according to documented listening history. Such features expand music taste and increase exposure to new content in unprecedented ways.
The 21st century has ushered in an era of rapid technological advancements. Developments in virtual reality are constructing innovative and immersive music experiences. Newer efforts towards connecting music to the body are creating devices capable of reading an individual’s heartbeat and blood movement in order deliver the perfect music for particular moods.
Advancements in music technology have freed listeners from all kinds of unknown constraints, however we often don’t recognize the need for these upgrades until they’re in place. It won’t be long until the next major music breakthrough resolves another hidden restriction, further evolving our relationship with music.